• Barbara Oliveira

Spine Disorders: What Are The Differences Between Scoliosis, Kyphosis And Lordosis?

Very common in adulthood, spinal disorders greatly interfere with day-to-day activities, which ends up harming the quality of life. Often, they can be related to poor posture and sedentary lifestyle. However, only a medical diagnosis can determine the true cause.

Among the diseases of the spine, we list below some of the most common and that affect thousands of people in the world. Do you know what the differences between these conditions are? Follow this post and learn!

What are the most common spinal diseases?

Spinal diseases are many and can affect people of different ages, even those who practice physical activities more often. Check out some of them:


Scoliosis is one of the spine diseases that most affect the population. It is defined by the abnormal curvature of the spine, which occurs in all three spatial planes. In this way, it is possible to say that the column twists around its own axis: forwards, backwards and to the sides.

Depending on the level of torsion, scoliosis is classified as less or more severe and can be divided into three main types:

  • idiopathic: common in adolescents, because at this stage the bone growth rate is faster. Its cause is not known;

  • congenital: characterized by problems with the formation of the vertebrae or the fusion of ribs during the development of the fetus or newborn;

  • neuromuscular: usually the cause involves muscle weakness or paralysis due to disease.

What is the treatment?

Treatment depends on the type of scoliosis, location of curvature and size of deformation. Currently, there are three forms of correction: brace, surgery and physical therapy. In addition, regular physical activities are also indicated to correct posture and make the body muscles stronger.


Known as hyperkyphosis in medicine, kyphosis is a curvature present in the spine that makes the upper back appear more rounded than normal. It is true that we all have a degree of curvature in the spine, however, when it is more than 45 degrees, it is considered excessive.

In some cases, kyphosis does not cause any problems other than an abnormal appearance, however, in some people, it can cause back pain and tiredness.

What is the treatment?

Most spinal diseases are treated with physical therapy, as is the case with kyphosis. The professional physiotherapist helps in postural correction and also in muscle strengthening of the spine.