• Barbara Oliveira

Spine Disorders: What Are The Differences Between Scoliosis, Kyphosis And Lordosis?

Very common in adulthood, spinal disorders greatly interfere with day-to-day activities, which ends up harming the quality of life. Often, they can be related to poor posture and sedentary lifestyle. However, only a medical diagnosis can determine the true cause.

Among the diseases of the spine, we list below some of the most common and that affect thousands of people in the world. Do you know what the differences between these conditions are? Follow this post and learn!

What are the most common spinal diseases?

Spinal diseases are many and can affect people of different ages, even those who practice physical activities more often. Check out some of them:


Scoliosis is one of the spine diseases that most affect the population. It is defined by the abnormal curvature of the spine, which occurs in all three spatial planes. In this way, it is possible to say that the column twists around its own axis: forwards, backwards and to the sides.

Depending on the level of torsion, scoliosis is classified as less or more severe and can be divided into three main types:

  • idiopathic: common in adolescents, because at this stage the bone growth rate is faster. Its cause is not known;

  • congenital: characterized by problems with the formation of the vertebrae or the fusion of ribs during the development of the fetus or newborn;

  • neuromuscular: usually the cause involves muscle weakness or paralysis due to disease.

What is the treatment?

Treatment depends on the type of scoliosis, location of curvature and size of deformation. Currently, there are three forms of correction: brace, surgery and physical therapy. In addition, regular physical activities are also indicated to correct posture and make the body muscles stronger.


Known as hyperkyphosis in medicine, kyphosis is a curvature present in the spine that makes the upper back appear more rounded than normal. It is true that we all have a degree of curvature in the spine, however, when it is more than 45 degrees, it is considered excessive.

In some cases, kyphosis does not cause any problems other than an abnormal appearance, however, in some people, it can cause back pain and tiredness.

What is the treatment?

Most spinal diseases are treated with physical therapy, as is the case with kyphosis. The professional physiotherapist helps in postural correction and also in muscle strengthening of the spine.

In addition, the use of vests is recommended, especially in case of structural kyphosis. For this, there are different types of vests and only the doctor can carefully select the appropriate option for each patient.


Lordosis is a normal curvature of the spine, and it grows in the cervical and lumbar regions after birth, being important to better distribute the loads that affect the spine.

However, when there are changes in the degree of the lordotic curve, it is possible that they are postural deviations, which can compromise the mobility of the spine in the affected region. They are classified into two types:

  • hyperlordosis: excessive increase in inward curvature of the body;

  • hypolordosis: reduction of this curvature, causing the rectification of the spine.

What is the treatment?

Lordosis is curable and can be treated according to the severity of the injury. It should be noted that not all cases need care — only when the curvature is rigid. Overall, treatment may include medication, exercise, physical therapy, braces, and surgery.


Low back pain usually manifests itself in the lumbar region and its causes can be varied. One of the most common problems with this disease is that many people complain of pain, but do not seek appropriate treatment. The pain can get worse and even cause mobility limitations.

As the body ages, low back pain can become more frequent. One of the main causes is the degeneration of some elements of the spine, such as the intervertebral disc.

What is the treatment?

The best way is to avoid low back pain, that is, to work the body with exercises in a preventive way. However, no one is free from having spinal diseases, even those who exercise.

Some symptoms of low back pain can be cured with simple rest. Others should be reduced with the practice of stretching and localized movements. For the most serious, it is possible to resort to medication and even surgery. However, first of all, it is recommended to consult professionals in the area.


Arthrosis is one of the main causes of rheumatism and affects mainly older people. They occur through the wear and tear of the cartilage and bones of the joints. In the spine, it is also known as spondyloarthrosis and is characterized by pain and difficulties in moving the back.

It results in the weakening of the essential tissues that make up the vertebrae, which can be caused by aging, genetic changes or improper movement.

What is the treatment?

Unfortunately, there is no definitive cure for osteoarthritis. However, when done correctly and with the follow-up of professionals, treatments usually present excellent results for the patient.

Some medications such as analgesics, opioids (more potent painkillers), anti-inflammatory and anesthetics can serve as a complement. However, exercises, stretching and strengthening the region can be an even healthier alternative.

Herniated Disc

A hernia causes pain and a feeling of numbness or burning in the back. It is characterized by the bulging of the intervertebral disc. This is one of the diseases of the spine that can spread in different regions and, therefore, gains some classifications according to the affected area. Understand better below:

  • Cervical disc herniation: more common in the neck region;

  • herniated lumbar disc: more common in the lower back;

  • Thoracic disc herniation: Most common in the middle of the back.

What is the treatment?

Depending on its severity, a herniated disc can be cured completely. There are special surgeries and medications for the disease. However, treatments with only localized exercises and more innovative techniques, such as holistic gymnastics, have shown incredible results in patients.

Neck pain

One of the spinal diseases that worries people of all ages is neck pain. It acts on the cervical vertebrae and can be subdivided into acute or chronic, depending on the level and duration of discomfort.

Popularly, it is known as torticollis. For many people who have already felt this pain, they can consider it as “bearable”. However, it is more common than you think that this condition can take many people away from their tasks and routines.

What is the treatment?

The best way is to prevent it. Whenever possible, exercise your muscles and joints with circular neck movements. Stretches are also great allies to avoid neck pain. In more intense cases, look for your doctor or institutions that offer alternative treatments.

What are the precautions to avoid spinal diseases?

Spinal diseases can have different treatments and, for each one, a deeper diagnosis is needed. However, some practices are essential to prevent any type of back dysfunction. Always try to exercise correctly, maintain proper posture, perform frequent stretching and practice physical activities.

These were some tips about spinal diseases. This problem affects many people who, most of the time, only seek help when the pain gets worse. Our spine is essential both for mobility and for our well-being. Take care of her!

How about you? Do you have any other tips or complaints about spinal diseases that you would like to share with us? Leave your comment here on the post!

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