How Important is Physical Therapy Process for Patients Who are Victims of Auto Accidents?
Auto accidents have become a crippling factor in the population, amid recklessness on the part of motor vehicle drivers, lack of stricter oversight, or perhaps a moment of inattention.
As we know, traffic requires quick decisions and it is necessary to consider the driving style, judgments and decision-making, including overtaking, lane change and signal advance. Generally in young people, decision-making is marked by impulsiveness, daring, and excessive confidence in their own dexterity. Alcohol consumption is the factor most associated with traffic accidents, as it alters psychomotor skills and decision-making capacity.
Among the physical sequelae present in auto accidents, fracture in the lower limbs stood out, the fracture is the loss of bone continuity, and may occur by a direct action of a force or indirectly by traction, torsion or compression of the injured bone. It is said to fracture “closed'' when there is “no” contact with the outside. When it is “open'' there is communication with the outside environment and is exposed when the fractured bone part insinuates itself out of the body. But of course, it depends on each case and patient!
It is important that the physical therapist perform an evaluation to determine the type of conduct and treatment that needs to be performed in the rehabilitation. It is also important to observe range of motion, joint mobility, muscle flexibility, impairment of strength, proprioception, balance and gait, the therapist also needs to determine the functional needs that will be imposed on the patient and establish short and long-term goals according to these needs. The prevention of such complications should be the basic principle of any treatment plan, and of course for good results, should have early initiation. Early treatment minimizes the negative effects of immobilism, providing a total and faster rehabilitation of the patient, reducing their recovery time and improving their quality of life, even after its limitation.
As changes occurred in the lesions and in the regeneration period can alter the natural evolution of fracture healing, thus causing complications in muscles and bones. Even a fracture considered "simple" can trigger events that culminate in complications and damage to health. The function of the injured parts is gradually redone, and little or no disability remains. However, not all of them evolve well, and may have possible complications. The intervention of physical therapy in traumatic fractures, not only aims to rehabilitate the injured follow-up, but also to prevent possible complications that can affect mainly the bone and muscle tissue in recovery. The therapeutic intervention aims to prevent possible complications caused by prolonged immobilism.
In conclusion, the patient with motor sequelae caused by a trauma has a great functional prognosis if treated early, and that physical therapy is of fundamental importance in the rehabilitation of this patient. With proper treatment it is possible to achieve independence and return to social and professional life.