• Barbara Oliveira

Concussion: Causes and Effects!




Concussion is an injury that affects all areas of the brain and temporarily alters its normal functions, such as memory, concentration or balance, for example.


Brain concussion is usually more common after more serious trauma, such as traffic accidents (MVA) or work injury (WC), but it can also arise from falls or blows to the head from contact sports. In this way, even light blows to the head can cause a minor concussion. However, all brain concussions cause small injuries to the brain and, therefore, if they happen repeatedly or if they are very serious, they can cause the development of sequelae such as epilepsy or memory loss. A concussion can also be accompanied by a concussion, which is a more serious injury that can cause bleeding and swelling of the brain. Understand better what brain contusion is and why it happens.



  • Main Brain Concussion Symptoms

Constant headache;

Temporary memory loss;

Dizziness and confusion;

Nausea and vomiting;

Slow or altered speech;

Excessive tiredness;

Excessive sensitivity to light;

Difficulty falling asleep.


These symptoms appear after a trauma such as a fall, blows to the head or traffic accident, however, they can be mild and, therefore, are often not related to the trauma, disappearing in a few days without needing treatment.




  • How is the treatment done?

Treatment for cerebral concussion should be guided by a neurologist “Dr Steven Strauss here at Innovative”, as it is necessary to assess the severity of the injury. Thus, when the symptoms are mild and the concussion is small, only absolute rest may be recommended.



  • Cerebral concussion sequelae


Cerebral concussion sequelae depend on the severity of the brain injury, but most often the patient does not experience any sequelae after treatment. However, in the most serious cases, sequelae such as epilepsy, frequent dizziness, constant headache, vertigo or memory loss, for example, may arise.


The sequelae of cerebral concussion may decrease over time or require treatment to be controlled and that is why it is so important to consult a neurologist and do the therapy sessions correctly!


A detailed patient assessment, which includes psychological testing, can help the physical therapy team identify the type and severity of the injury. Physical Therapists will assess what functions are possible to recover with rehabilitation therapy, and begin preparing a program that meets the individual's specific needs. The success of rehabilitation depends on the patient's general condition, range of motion, muscle strength, bowel and bladder functioning, functional capacity before brain trauma, social situation, learning ability, motivation, ability to face difficult situations and ability to participate in a rehabilitation program guided by our therapists.


If the brain injury results in weakness or paralysis of the limbs, our therapists move the affected limb or encourage the person to move it. Moving affected limbs helps prevent or relieve contractures and maintain joint range of motion. Normally, unaffected limbs are also exercised regularly to maintain muscle tone and strength. The person is expected to engage in other activities, for example, moving in bed, turning over, changing position and sitting. Regaining the ability to get out of bed and move to a bench or wheelchair, safely and autonomously, is important for the patient's mental and physical health.


Some problems resulting from brain injury need specific therapies, for example, help with walking (gait or displacement training), improve coordination and balance, reduce spasticity (involuntary muscle contraction), or compensate for vision or speech problems. For example, people who have trouble walking can learn how to prevent falls. Occupational therapy can improve coordination. Cold or warm therapy can temporarily decrease muscle spasticity, allowing the muscles to stretch. People who are blind on one side can learn how to avoid colliding with door frames or other objects - for example, by turning their head to the affected side.


A stroke or other brain injury, especially concussion, can compromise the ability to think (cognition). People can have problems with orientation, attention and concentration, perception, comprehension, learning, organizing thoughts, problem solving, memory and speech. The problems people experience depend on the injury. Cognitive rehabilitation is a very slow process, which must be designed for the individual situation, and requires personal treatment in contact with the physical therapists. The goals are to retrain the brain and teach ways to compensate for problems. For example, tasks such as tying shoelaces are broken down into simple, practiced parts. Verbal, visual, and tactile (touch) motivations, such as verbal cues, gestures, and color-coded items, also help people learn and remember how to accomplish the task.


So if you have or know someone that has been suffering from brain injury call Innovative PT Centers, we have the staff to help you get better and do what you love.




Dr Steven Strauss - General Neurologist at Innovative PT Centers






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